Tarantella. How does it sound in modern culture?
The Italians themselves write that no self-respecting Italian wedding or other holiday is complete without a Tarantella. But Tarantella is now a whole group of dances, differently called in different regions of Italy. And not only in Italy — even in the US, even in Argentina — where there are many Italians. And Italians remember and honor their culture and history. If somewhere in some point of the world will gather two Italians on a festive occasion — and will Tarantella. In dance, song or any version. Poznyakov , Shutterstock.com In different regions — also own version: where — Wilder somewhere more sedate. There is a Neapolitan, there is a Sicilian Tarantella, there is a dance “pizza”, which is also a Tarantella. Where preserved “spider” binding, and somewhere Tarantella — it’s just a dance-courtship. It is important that now the Tarantella — the dance is almost a symbol of Italy. The Italians even invented their own festivals. One of them is true, but scary — “night of the Tarantula”. But Tarantella is not just a folk Italian dance. Tarantella has found its place in the cultural code, so to speak, has become a kind of ambiguous symbol. It all began with the era of romanticism. The age of romanticism would not be such if it did not appeal to the national heritage. Romanticism appealed not only to the Individual, but also to the origins, to folk art. Since the 19th century Tarantella is included in classical music, appears in ballet, literature, cinema. With classical music is clear. The Tarantella has excellent melodic and rhythmic possibilities. Their Tarantella wrote Frederic Chopin and Franz Liszt, “Neapolitan Tarantella” Rossini became a hit at all. A huge number of tarantellas are written for stringed instruments. Tarantella can be heard in many works — from Saint-saëns and Tchaikovsky to composers of the 20th century, Rachmaninoff and Hindemith, Prokofiev and Britten. Could not appear and ballets. Of them the most famous ballet by J. Coralli “La Tarentule” and the ballet production of George Balanchine’s “Tarantella”. And ballet lovers will surely remember the ballet “Anyuta” by Valery Gavrilov, where the wonderful Ekaterina Maximova danced the Tarantella. Cartoons, too, Tarantella not bypassed. The most famous are Cinderella and Peter Pan. In the latter — a dance of pirates, immediately acquires a comic effect. By the way, there is a musical of the same name, with the same scene. And in “Cinderella” is a magical fairy song “Bibbidi-Bobbidi-Boo”. Incidentally, for the tarantula is the word, the beginning of which is attributed to Turgenev. There are Russian writer of the story “the Adventures of Lieutenant Bubnov” and there is a kind of Bababababa (Ivan Andreevich appointed award winner… Bababababa was hovering around him in the air and sarcastically laughing). But no — in the us the song is a traditional English “capuchina”. Also, probably not coincidentally for the magic of the song was chosen Tarantella. In the literature, the Tarantella also appears. She is mentioned in books about “Harry Potter”, in other modern novels. But I want to focus only on one book, more precisely, on one drama. “Doll house” — a play by Henrik Ibsen, written in 1879. This play is about personal freedom, it has only an indirect relation to feminism. But Tarantella is present in it. “HELMER (following her). Your blood still boils with Tarantella, I see. And that makes you even more charming… do you Hear?.. The guests begin to disperse. (Lower his voice.) Nora… soon the house will be quiet. …All this evening I had no other thought, no other desire but you. When I saw you running and beckoning in the Tarantella… my blood began to boil… I could no longer… that’s Why I carried you away so early”… Tarantella in the famous play — as a symbol. All the same symbol of “healing”, “liberation.” By the way, the manuscript of “Doll house” UNESCO included in the list of “Memory of the world.” And, of course, could not forget Tarantella cinema. It sounds in the films “Godfather” — and how could it be otherwise? Tarantella is included on the soundtrack of Quentin Tarantino’s “Inglourious Basterds” (2009). Many tarantellas can be heard in the French film “All suns” 2011. Finally, it is impossible not to mention the Russian film-ballet “the Last Tarantella” by M. Gorky’s story “Nuncha” (1992). But I want to focus only on one film. Absolutely stunning “Tarantella scene” — in the film “the Legend of the pianist” (original “The Legend of 1900”). This is an epic film, a film-allegory of the Italian Director Giuseppe Tornatore, released in 1998. An orphan boy, found on the first day of the new century and named after this 1900-m. a Boy who grew up on a ship that plied between Europe and America, and never left the ship. Everything 1900 I learned is playing the piano. All he learns is what he hears from the new passengers on the ship. And here is new passengers — Italian immigrants — require have pianist: “And play-pay you us a Golden Tarantella.” He has no idea what this is about. But he beat the rhythm and sing — and 1900 immediately turns on and creates his own Tarantella. The film, incidentally, winner of various awards. That concerns computer games, and also anime — here I not specialist, but and there Tarantella sounds very often. Here is such a unusual Tarantella. For Italians — a symbol of the country and its own community. Writers, Directors and other creative figures find their symbols and meanings in the old dance. Tarantella lives. Italians will never forget their dances. Tarantella will live in culture — at least as a symbol of something unusual, but at the same time recognizable, ancient and eternal.