Tarantella. What legends are associated with it?
A dance shrouded in mystery. Dance, which became a symbol. At the same time — absolutely alive — everyone can dance, do it with pleasure on holidays and even hold special festivals. All this Tarantella, which is associated with curious legends. Main legend the history of the dance, States that from the 14th to the 15th century in southern Italy was a strange epidemic of tarantism. And what is interesting: only women and only commoners were bitten. No sick high-born lady or, rather, “Donna” or Signora was recorded. On the one hand, it is clear. The rich aristocrat-lady in the field do not go, do not collect the harvest. So no one could bite them. So, by the logic of the legends near the city of Taranto divorced tarantulas, which bite their victims who became ill immediately tarantism, which, in turn, called “tarantata” and tried to cure with the help of tarantula. In short, the ailing, fallen into the trance could only be healed furious furious dance. The poor woman was surrounded, took musical instruments (mandolins, guitars, tambourines, castanets) and played in a special rhythm. Each share in the rhythm of a specially selected so that you can see what the movement is doing is sick. As soon as the right rhythm was selected, so there was confidence that the victim of the bite will be cured. Subsequently, the Tarantella became mandatory tradelect (one-two-three) and extremely fast paced. Another version says that women often suffered from depression from the hardships of life and subordination. Three days ill treated with music and dance then, having received such attention, the woman got rid of the frustration. The combined legend says that after all the victim was bitten by a spider and the dance itself is a reaction to the “poisonous bite”. So the dance was called the dance of the spider. And movement dance could assess as “spider.” Another combined “spider” myth: allegedly at the time when sacrifices were accepted, the unfortunate was sent to a place where there were many spiders, there he jumped, trying to avoid a bite. Finally, do not rule out that Tarantella, played by the woman who could serve as a means to attract male attention. The Tarantella has even been called the personification of lust. Let us dwell on some myths. Apulian tarantula from the family of wolf Spiders, of course, very widespread in Italy, Spain and Portugal. The spider is poisonous, but now it is proved that this poison does not threaten human life. However, this spider could be confused with a black widow or another spider of the wonderful little family (kind of) “black widows”. Tarantism is a form of hysterical behavior. A century earlier, Northern Europe was embraced by the “dance mania” (choreomania), now known as the Dance of St. Vitus. Here is a well-known testimony recorded by an ordinary citizen: “Jeanne’s Convulsions served as a signal for the dance of St. Vitus, reborn again in the center of Paris in the XVIII century, with endless variations, one darker or funnier than the other. From all over the city came running to the Saint-Medar cemetery to take part in the antics and twitching. Healthy and sick all assured that violent dance brings them relief. Among all this discordant dance of the Sabbath were moaning, singing, roaring, whistling, recitation, prophecy, and meow. It was a real madness, a real Tarantella.” Was it a mass psychosis, poisoning (ergot) or a social phenomenon — on this topic continue to argue. But in fact, such stories have been described in centuries much more ancient. Many researchers suggest that “tarantism” is an echo of very ancient bacchian rituals (Bacchus of our unforgettable). Even before our era, the Roman Senate banned these orgiastic rituals, but they remained in the popular unconscious. It is no accident that the famous poet Rainer Maria Rilke described Tarantella in 1906: “What a dance: as if invented by satyrs and nymphs, ancient — and revived and re-opened, shrouded in legal memories; cunning, and wildness, and wine, men again with goat hooves and the virgin of the retinue of Artemis.” But back to the South of Italy to the idea of the locals that a man bitten by a spider. Get rid of the poison was only good propotev, so the dance had to sweat and till you drop. If there was no music, the dancer could die. The famous Italian historian Francesco Cancellieri described this phenomenon as follows. This malaise suddenly fell on the peasants on hot summer days. Here the man sits, his breathing becomes labored, the skin darkens. But since the reason for the “all clear”, immediately brought a guitar, man gets up, makes the music of motion, Bouncing in a rhythm, and here, skin color and breathing are restored. You can go back to work. In southern Italy wandered and special music groups, hurrying to the aid of “bitten”. The dance became paired and group, but always kept its frenzy. It is believed that the rich could change clothes, anonymously included in the dance — for discharge. But by the 17th century the dance was “legitimate” and could dance even at the court of cardinal. However, the rhythm of the tarantula could plunge into a trance. Constantly repeating rhythmic figure itself is able to affect the human body. And here is someone who is driven to the point of exhaustion: one who is serving his rhythm, or he who dances. The phenomenon of “tarantismo” suddenly stopped to the 17th century (as a General “dance mania” in Europe). It is clear that the roots of the dance is very ancient. Experts see the influence of Moorish and Spanish dances. Do not forget that the dance became known in the Italian region of Puglia (the heel of the boot). The meeting of the West and the East, on the contrary, across the sea — only Africa. Whatever it was, for whatever reason — the Tarantella existed. There is now. Moreover, it appears small and multidirectional symbolism. You can read about it next time.